Accounting Principles

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If you have any difficulty answering the questions, learn more about this topic by reading our mini-lectures covering introductory to Accounting Principles.

 1. The personal assets of the owner of a company will not appear on the company's balance sheet because of which principle/guideline?
Cost              Economic Entity              Monetary Unit

 2. Which principle/guideline requires a company's balance sheet to report its land at the amount the company paid to acquire the land, even if the land could be sold today at a significantly higher amount?
Cost              Economic Entity              Monetary Unit

 3. Which principle/guideline allows a company to ignore the change in the purchasing power of the dollar over time?
Cost              Economic Entity              Monetary Unit

 4. Which principle/guideline requires the company's financial statements to have footnotes containing information that is important to users of the financial statements?
Conservatism              Economic Entity              Full Disclosure

 5. Which principle/guideline justifies a company violating an accounting principle because the amounts are immaterial?
Conservatism              Full Disclosure              Materiality

 6. Which principle/guideline is associated with the assumption that the company will continue on long enough to carry out its objectives and commitments?
Economic Entity              Going Concern              Time Period

 7. A very large corporation's financial statements have the dollar amounts rounded to the nearest $1,000. Which accounting principle/guideline justifies not reporting the amounts to the penny?
Full Disclosure              Materiality              Monetary Unit

 8. Accountants might recognize losses but not gains in certain situations. For example, the company might write-down the cost of inventory, but will not write-up the cost of inventory. Which principle/guideline is associated with this action?
Conservatism              Materiality              Monetary Unit

 9. Which principle/guideline directs a company to show all the expenses related to its revenues of a specified period even if the expenses were not paid in that period?
Cost              Matching              Monetary Unit

10. When the accountant has to choose between two acceptable alternatives, the accountant should select the alternative that will report less profit, less asset amount, or a greater liability amount. This is based upon which principle/guideline?
Conservatism              Cost              Materiality

11. Public utilities' balance sheets list the plant assets before the current assets. This is acceptable under which accounting principle/guideline?
Conservatism              Cost              Industry Practices

12. A large company purchases a $250 digital camera and expenses it immediately instead of recording it as an asset and depreciating it over its useful life. This practice may be acceptable because of which principle/guideline?
Cost              Matching              Materiality

13. A corporation pays its annual property tax bill of approximately $12,000 in one payment each December 28. During the year, the corporation's monthly income statements report Property Tax Expense of $1,000. This is an example of which accounting principle/guideline?
Conservatism              Matching              Monetary Unit

14. A company sold merchandise of $8,000 to a customer in December. The company's sales terms require the customer to pay the company in 30 days. The company's income statement reported the sale in December. This is proper under which accounting principle/guideline?
Full Disclosure     Monetary Unit     Revenue Recognition

15. Accrual accounting is based on this principle/guideline.
Cost              Full Disclosure              Matching

16. The creative chief executive of a corporation who is personally responsible for numerous inventions and innovations is not reported as an asset on the corporation's balance sheet. The accounting principle/guideline that prevents the corporation for reporting this person as an asset is
Conservatism              Cost              Going Concern

17. An asset with a cost of $120,000 is depreciated over its useful life of 10 years rather than expensing the entire amount when it is purchased. This complies with which principle/guideline?
Cost              Full Disclosure              Matching

18. Near the end of the current year, a company required a customer to pay $200,000 as a deposit for work that is to begin in the following year. At the end of the current year the company reported the $200,000 as a liability on its balance sheet. Which accounting principle/guideline prevented the company from reporting the $200,000 on its income statement for the current year?
Going Concern              Materiality              Revenue Recognition

19. A retailer wishes to report its merchandise inventory on its balance sheet at its retail value. This would violate which accounting principle/guideline?
Cost              Full Disclosure              Monetary Unit

20. A company borrowed $100,000 in December and will make its only payment for interest when the note comes due six months later. The total interest for the six months will be $3,600. On the December income statement the accountant reported Interest Expense of $600. This action was the result of which accounting principle/guideline?
Cost              Matching              Revenue Recognition

If you have any difficulty answering the questions, learn more about this topic by reading our mini-lectures covering introductory to Accounting Principles.

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