Introduction to Bookkeeping
Bookkeeping (also called recordkeeping) is the recording of financial transactions. Transactions include sales, purchases, income, receipts and payments by an individual or organization. Bookkeeping is usually performed by a bookkeeper. Many individuals mistakenly consider bookkeeping and accounting to be the same thing. This confusion is understandable because the accounting process includes the bookkeeping function, but is just one part of the accounting process. The accountant creates reports from the recorded financial transactions recorded by the bookkeeper and files forms with government agencies. There are some common methods of bookkeeping such as the single-entry bookkeeping system and the double-entry bookkeeping system. But while these systems may be seen as "real" bookkeeping, any process that involves the recording of financial transactions is a bookkeeping process.
Keeping records is crucial for the successful management of a business. Many business finance professionals recommend that all entrepreneurs be knowledgeable about basic recordkeeping practices. The entrepreneur who decides to purchase a manual or computerized recordkeeping system, or has a bookkeeper or accountant, still needs to understand the basic premises.
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